Treaty of Trianon

After the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was defeated  in the first world war, the winning countries put the blame on Hungary for their losses as the cause of the war was that Archduke Franz Ferdinand the heir of the throne was assassinated in June 1914. Basically this fact led to the Treaty of Trianon.

The Kingdom of Hungary lost two-thirds of its territory when the dokuments were signed on the 4th of June 1920 in the Grand Trianon Palace in Versailles.The two signatories were √Āgost Ben√°rd and Alfr√©d Drasche-L√°z√°r. The provisions came into force on 31th July 1921.

The population that was more than 18 million in 1910 falled back to 7,6 million. The disannexed lands became parts of the present Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.

Since then the borders of the modern Hungary went through only minor modifications. Although hundreds of thousands of Hungarians returned to the territory of the new Hungary from the neigbouring countries after the treaty, still significant Hungarian minorities live there which means ethnical, political and economical problems as well.  Of course the foreign minorities live in the territory of present Hungary also have to face difficulties.

The Treaty of Trianon is one of the biggest traumas for most Hungarians who still would like to get back the pre-war Hungary. Of course today it is a useless hope. It would cause more serious troubles than ever. Since 2010, 4th of June is the Day of National Unity.

Now on the occasion of the centenary political leaders are reminding that Hungarians should never forget their past but they need to focus on the present and future in order to be able to strengten the nation.

Translation in Hungarian РMagyar fordítás

Trianoni b√©keszerzŇĎd√©s

Miut√°n az Osztr√°k-Magyar Monarchi√°t legyŇĎzt√©k az elsŇĎ vil√°gh√°bor√ļban, a gyŇĎztes orsz√°gok Magyarorsz√°got okolt√°k a vesztes√©geik√©rt, mivel a h√°bor√ļ kiv√°lt√≥ oka az volt, hogy Ferenc Ferdin√°ndot a tr√≥n √∂r√∂k√∂s√©t 1914 j√ļnius√°ban meggyilkolt√°k. AlapvetŇĎen ez a t√©ny vezetett a trianoni b√©keszerzŇĎd√©shez.

A Magyar Kir√°lys√°g ter√ľlet√©nek k√©tharmad√°t elvesz√≠tette amikor a dokumentumokat al√°√≠rt√°k 1920.j√ļnius 4-√©n a versailles-i Nagy Trianon kat√©lyban.A k√©t al√°√≠r√≥ Bern√°rd √Āgost √©s Drasche-L√°z√°r Alfr√©d volt. A rendelkez√©sek 1921. j√ļlius 31-√©n l√©ptek √©letbe.

A lakosok sz√°ma amely 1910-ben 18 milli√≥ volt 7,6 milli√≥ra esett vissza. Az elcsatolt ter√ľletek a jelenlegi ¬†Ausztria,¬† Szlov√°kia, Ukrajna,¬† Rom√°nia, Szerbia, Horv√°torsz√°g √©s Szlov√©nia r√©szei lettek.

Az√≥ta a modern Magyarorsz√°g hat√°rai csak kism√©rt√©kŇĪ v√°ltoztat√°sokon mentek √°t. B√°r az egyezm√©ny ut√°n magyarok sz√°zezrei t√©rtek vissza az √ļj Magyarorsz√°g ter√ľlet√©re a szomsz√©dos orsz√°gokb√≥l, m√©g mindig ¬†jelentŇĎs magyar kisebbs√©gek √©lnek ott, ami etnikai, politikai √©sgazdas√°gi probl√©m√°kat is jelent. Term√©szetesen a jelenlegi Magyarorsz√°g ter√ľlet√©n √©lŇĎ k√ľlf√∂ldi kisebbs√©geknek szint√©n neh√©zs√©gekkel kell szemben√©zni√ľk.

A trianoni b√©ke az egyik legnagyobb trauma a legt√∂bb magyar sz√°m√°ra, akik m√©g mindig szeretn√©k visszakapni a h√°bor√ļ elŇĎtti Magyarorsz√°got. Term√©szetesen ma m√°r ez egy hi√°baval√≥ rem√©ny. Ez sokkal komolyabb bajokat okozna¬† mint valaha. 2010 √≥ta j√ļnius 4-e a nemzeti √∂sszetartoz√°s napja.

Most a sz√°z√©ves √©vfordul√≥ alkalm√°b√≥l a politikusok eml√©keztetnek, hogy a magyaroknak soha nem kell elfelejteni a m√ļltjukat, de a jelenre √©s a j√∂vŇĎre kell figyelni√ľk, hogy k√©pesek legyenek erŇĎs√≠teni a nemzetet.

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.