Education in Hungary

Education in Hungary is mostly public, run by the Ministry of Human Being Resources.

Traditionally the school year starts in September.

Preschool education and learning are compulsory to all kids between 3 and 6 years old.

Then school participation is also compulsory until the age of sixteen.

Elementary education normally lasts for 8 years.

Subjects are literature, grammar, mathematics, music, art, physical education, environmental studies (from 1st to fifth grade), biology (from 6th grade), geography (from 6th grade), history (from 5th grade), history of art, physics (from 6th grade), chemistry (from 7th grade), one or two foreign languages (usually English, German, or French). Before 1990, Russian was compulsory.

Secondary education includes three typical sorts of schools concentrated on different academic degrees: the Gymnasium registers the most talented youngsters and also prepares students for higher education; the secondary vocational schools for intermediate students last 4 years as well as the technical school prepares students for higher education and the world of work. The system is partly flexible and bridges exist, graduates from a vocational school can accomplish a two years program in order to enroll to higher eduction.

The official language of instruction is Hungarian, but a number of ethnic and national minorities  (e.g. German, Romanian, Slovene, Serb and Croatian) have minority educational institutions with their own languages as first or second language of instruction at primary and secondary level of teaching.

The majority of the Hungarian colleges and universities are public organizations, and students commonly study there without paying for the education. The general requirement of studying at a university is the Matura.

Health insurance for students is cost-free until the end of their studies. English as well as German language are important in Hungarian higher education. In quite a few degree programs the education goes in these languages, which brings thousands of exchange students annually. Hungary’s higher education¬† has been ranked 44 out of 148 countries in the Global competitiveness Record 2014.

Today there are 67 higher education institutions in Hungary, ranging from small colleges to top universities. These universities and colleges are maintained either by the state, private organizations or a church. According to the objectives of the Bologna process the level structure of tertiary education is based on three cycles

Nearly all study fields lead initially to a Bachelor’s level (normally 3 years), and after a further study period to a Master’s level (2 years). However, there are some exceptions: medicine, pharmacy, dental, and veterinary studies, architecture, law, teacher training, and certain arts-, crafts- and design-related study programs, which retain a long single-cycle structure of 5 or 6 years of study.

Foreign students in Hungary

Hungary attracts foreign students from both EU and non-EU countries. Three quarters of the students arriving in Hungary show up from simply 10 nations, while one quarter of the students gets here from another 100 countries. Among the nations sending most students are Germany, Iran, Norway, Israel as well as Sweden, while most of guest students are residents of the neighboring countries. In the 2008/2009 school year, the total number of foreign students studying in Hungary was 16 916, while this number was just 14 491 in 2005/2006.  The numbers are increasing due to the following benefits:

Hungary offers affordable tuition fees and living costs within the European Union and the Schengen area;

A number of Nobel Prize winners and scientific inventors were educated here;.

There are less complicated admission procedures and less documents are required;

Hungary offers different types of scholarships for foreign students;

The cost of student accommodation in Hungary is less than in most Western European countries and Scandinavia.  Lots of education and learning programs are provided in English and/or German;.

Hungarian embassies provide education visas more easily than other European Union and Schengen Member States;.

Residence permits issued in Hungary for foreign students allows them travel to other Schengen nations without any more visa;

A number of low cost flights connect Hungarian cities to other countries and popular travel destinations;.

There are employment opportunities in the European Union during the years of learning as well as after graduation.

Preparatory courses

Students interested in proceeding with their studies in Hungary can find preparatory courses in many universities from Debrecen to Budapest, from Budapest to Szeged, from Szeged to Pécs.

The original article is from Wikipedia

Translation in Hungarian РMagyar fordítás

OKTAT√ĀS MAGYARORSZ√ĀGON

Magyarorsz√°gon az oktat√°s t√∂bbnyire ny√≠lv√°nos az Emberi ErŇĎforr√°sok Miniszt√©riuma √°ltal fenntartva mŇĪk√∂dik.

Hagyom√°nyosan az iskola√©v szeptemberben kezdŇĎdik.

Az iskola elŇĎtti oktat√°s √©s tanul√°s k√∂telezŇĎ minden 3 √©s 6 √©v k√∂z√∂tti gyereknek.

Ezut√°n az iskolai r√©szv√©tel szint√©n k√∂telezŇĎ 16 √©ves korig.

Az √°ltal√°nos iskolai oktat√°s √°ltal√°ban 8 √©vig tart. A tant√°rgyak irodalom, nyelvtan, matematika, zene, mŇĪv√©szet, testnevel√©s, k√∂rnyezetismeret (elsŇĎtŇĎl √∂t√∂dik oszt√°lyig), bil√≥gia (hatodik oszt√°lyt√≥l), f√∂ldrajz (hatodik oszt√°lyt√≥l), t√∂rt√©nelem (√∂t√∂dik oszt√°lyt√≥l) mŇĪv√©szett√∂rt√©net, fizika (hatodik oszt√°lyt√≥l), k√©mia (hetedik oszt√°lyt√≥l), egy vagy k√©t idegennyelv (√°ltal√°ban angol, n√©met vagy francia) 1990 elŇĎtt az orosz volt k√∂telezŇĎ.

A k√∂z√©pfok√ļ oktat√°s h√°romf√©le iskolatipust foglal mag√°ba, melyek k√ľl√∂nb√∂zŇĎ akad√©miai fokozatokra koncentr√°lnak. A gimn√°ziumba veszik fel a legtehets√©gesebb fiatalokat¬† √©s k√©sz√≠tik fel a tanul√≥kat a felsŇĎoktat√°sra ; a szakk√∂z√©piskola 4 √©vig tart, csak√ļgy mint a szakiskola, amely felk√©sz√≠ti a di√°kokat a felsŇĎoktat√°sra √©s a munka vil√°g√°ra. A rendszer r√©szben rugalmas √©s l√©teznek √°thidal√°sok, egy szakiskola v√©gzŇĎsei teljes√≠thetnek egy k√©t√©ves programot az√©rt, hogy a felsŇĎoktat√°sba jelentkezhessenek.

Az oktat√°s hivatalos nyelve a magyar, de sz√°mos etnikai √©s nemzeti kisebbs√©g (pl n√©met, rom√°n, szlov√©n, szerb √©s horv√°t) rendelkezik kisebbs√©gi oktat√°si int√©zm√©nyekkel a saj√°t nyelv√©n, az oktat√°s elsŇĎ vagy m√°sodik nyelvek√©nt alap- √©s k√∂z√©pfok√ļ oktat√°sban.

A magyar fŇĎiskol√°k √©s egyetemek t√∂bbs√©ge ny√≠lv√°nos int√©zm√©ny √©s a di√°kok √°ltal√°ban an√©lk√ľl tanulnak ott, hogy fizetnnek az oktat√°s√©rt. Az egyetemi tanulm√°nyok felt√©tele √°ltal√°ban az √©retts√©gi. A tanul√≥k eg√©szs√©gbiztos√≠t√°sa tanulm√°nyaik befejez√©s√©ig k√∂lts√©gmentes. Az angol √©s n√©met nyelv fontos a magyar felsŇĎoktat√°sban, el√©g sok szakon ezeken a nyelveken folyik az oktat√°s, ami √©vente cseredi√°kok ezreit vonzza. A 2014-es Glob√°lis Versenyk√©pess√©gi Rangsorban a magyar felsŇĎoktat√°s 148 orsz√°g k√∂z√ľl a 44 helyen √°ll.

Ma 67 felsŇĎoktat√°si int√©zm√©ny van Magyarorsz√°gon a kis fŇĎiskol√°kt√≥l a nagy egyetemekig. . Ezeket az egyetemeket √©s fŇĎiskol√°kat az √°llam, mag√°nsz√°rvezetek vagy az egyh√°z mŇĪk√∂dteti. A Bolognai Rendszer c√©lkitŇĪz√©sei szerint a felsŇĎoktat√°s strukt√ļr√°ja h√°rom cikluson alapszik.

Majdnem minden tanulm√°nyi ter√ľlet elŇĎsz√∂r alapdiplom√°t ad (√°ltal√°ban 3 √©v) √©s tov√°bbi tanul√°si idŇĎszak ut√°n mesterfokozatot. (2 √©v) Azonban van n√©h√°ny kiv√©tel: orvostudom√°ny, gy√≥gyszer√©szet, fog√°szati √©s √°llatorvosi tanulm√°nyok, √©p√≠t√©szet, jog, tan√°rk√©pz√©s √©s bizonyos mŇĪv√©szetekkel, szakm√°kkal √©s tervez√©ssel kapcsolatos tanulm√°nyi programok, amelyek megŇĎrizt√©k a hossz√ļ egyciklusos szerkezetet, 5-6 √©v tanulm√°nyi idŇĎszakkal.

K√ľlf√∂ldi di√°kok Magyarorsz√°gon

Magyarorsz√°g az EU √©s nem EU orsz√°gokb√≥l is vonzza a k√ľlf√∂ldi tanul√≥kat. A Magyarorsz√°gra √©rkezŇĎ di√°kok h√°romnegyede t√≠z nemzetbŇĎl ker√ľl ki, m√≠g a tanul√≥k egynegyede m√°sik sz√°z orsz√°gb√≥l j√∂n. A legt√∂bb tanul√≥t k√ľldŇĎ nemzetek k√∂z√∂tt N√©metorsz√°g, Ir√°n, Norv√©gia, Izrael √©s Sv√©dorsz√°g szerepel, m√≠g a legt√∂bb vend√©gdi√°k a szomsz√©dos orsz√°gok polg√°ra. A 2008/2009-es iskolai √©vben a Magyarorsz√°gon tanul√≥ k√ľlf√∂ldi di√°kok √∂sszl√©tsz√°ma 16¬†916 fŇĎ volt, m√≠g ez a sz√°m csup√°n 14¬†491 volt 2005/2006-ban. A sz√°mok a k√∂vetkezŇĎ elŇĎny√∂k miatt n√∂vekednek.

Magyarorsz√°gon megfizethetŇĎek a tand√≠jak √©s meg√©lhet√©si k√∂lts√©gek az Eur√≥pai Uni√≥n √©s Schengeni √∂vezeten bel√ľl;

Számos Nobel-díj nyertest és tudományos feltalálót oktattak itt;

A bel√©p√©si folyamat kev√©sb√© komplik√°lt √©s kevesebb dokumentum sz√ľks√©ges hozz√°;

Magyarorsz√°g az √∂szt√∂nd√≠jak k√ľl√∂nb√∂zŇĎ form√°it k√≠n√°lja a k√ľlf√∂ldi di√°koknak;

A tanulók szállásának költsége Magyarországon kevesebb, mint a legtöbb nyugat-európai országban és Skandináviában;

Sok oktat√°si program biztos√≠tott angolul √©s/vagy n√©met√ľl;

A magyar nagykövetségek könnyebben biztosítják a tanulói vízumokat, mint más Európai Uniós vagy Schengen tagországok;

A Magyarorsz√°gon k√ľlf√∂ldi di√°kok sz√°m√°ra kibocs√°tott tart√≥zkod√°si enged√©lyek lehetŇĎv√© teszik sz√°mukra, hogy m√°s schengeni orsz√°gokba utazzanak egy√©b v√≠zum n√©lk√ľl;

Sz√°mos olcs√≥ rep√ľlŇĎj√°rat k√∂ti √∂ssze a magyar v√°rosokat m√°s orsz√°gokkal √©s n√©pszerŇĪ √ļtic√©lokkal;

MunkalehetŇĎs√©gek az Eur√≥pai Uni√≥ban a tanulm√°nyok idej√©n √©s a v√©gz√©st k√∂vetŇĎen.

Felk√©sz√≠tŇĎ kurzusok

A magyarorsz√°gi tanulm√°nyok ir√°nt √©rdeklŇĎdŇĎ di√°kok felk√©sz√≠tŇĎ kurzusokat tal√°lhatnak sz√°mos egyetemen DebrecentŇĎl Budapestig, BudapesttŇĎl Szegedig, SzegedtŇĎl P√©csig.

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.